After coal crisis, urea shortage poses new challenge to several states | Ground report

Even because the coal crisis continues in the country, a urea shortage appears to be the following massive drawback for several states. Now, with the sowing of rabi (winter) crops to begin quickly, this urea shortage might pose an even bigger drawback for farmers.

The coal supply shortage has already threatened possible power outages in India. Several states have reported a shortage and complained of a attainable energy outage within the coming days, even because the central authorities has assured that there is no such thing as a coal shortage.

Farmers from states comparable to Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan are offended over the disaster, with some resorting to protests and blocking nationwide highways.

The Centre not too long ago authorised an extra fertiliser subsidy of Rs 28,655 crore for the rabi or winter planting season. On Tuesday, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs authorised the new nutrient-based subsidy charges for phosphatic and potassic fertilisers.

The subsidy is paid to fertiliser firms as compensation for promoting their merchandise to farmers under market costs.

Given the shortage of urea, a very powerful nitrogenous fertiliser available in the market, India Today checks the state of affairs on the bottom.


Farmers within the Bhind-Morena area of Madhya Pradesh are getting stressed as they face an acute fertiliser disaster forward of harvesting of the rabi crop. In Bhind, farmers blocked the nationwide freeway on two events up to now week to spotlight their plight.

In Morena, farmers resorted to forcefully snatching fertiliser sacks after demand exceeded provide on the native galla mandi.

In Morena’s Kailaras galla mandi, police on Tuesday had to use power to management farmers who had been getting stressed after the administration failed to present fertilisers to them. On the opposite hand, in Sheopur, fertilisers are being supplied to farmers beneath police safety.

However, state agriculture minister Kamal Patel has claimed that there is no such thing as a shortage of fertilisers within the state and that the Congress celebration was attempting to gasoline unrest.

“There is no scarcity of fertilisers. We had 5,000 metric tonnes of Di-ammonium Phosphate (DAP) but the Congress party created trouble with rumours. We will have three more racks and there will be no scarcity but those who want to overbuy because of rumours won’t get it,” he stated.

Di-ammonium phosphate, popularly referred to as DAP, is the most well-liked fertiliser after urea.


It isn’t just the ability shortage that farmers in Rajasthan have been reeling beneath. The shortage of urea and fertilisers has additionally adversely affected farmers within the desert state.

Rajasthan Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot had additionally appealed to the central authorities, urging the Prime Minister to guarantee availability of fertilizers in sufficient amount.

“There is a shortage of Di-ammonium Phosphate (DAP) fertiliser in the entire country. Due to the rise in prices in the international market, the producing companies have not imported DAP in adequate quantities. Due to this, the harvesting of sarson and other crops has been affected. Appeal to the Prime Minister to expeditiously intervene in the sensitive matter pertaining to the food givers due to which farmers in the states get DAP in adequate quantity,” Ashok Gehlot, Rajasthan Chief Minister, acknowledged.

In several components of Rajasthan, together with in Bharatpur and Alwar, farmers have been reeling beneath an acute shortage of urea, fertilisers within the state.

Farmers in Rajasthan’s Bharatpur threatened, on Wednesday, to launch an agitation after three days if the federal government fails to fulfil the farmers’ wants for fertilisers within the state.

“Today the shortage of fertilisers is in entire Rajasthan whereas farmers have to harvest Rabi crop and due to this, farmers have decided that within three days if the government does not make fertilisers available to farmers, then farmers will indulge in agitation by locking government offices after three days and this will be started from Rupvaas subdivision in Bharatpur,” Gordhan Rithauti, farmer chief, talked about on Wednesday.

“Today, farmers are not getting fertilisers because of this we have decided that the government offices will be locked and this will be started from Rupvaas after three days,” Sunil Singh, a farmer, stated on Wednesday.


Farmers of some components of Manipur are reportedly but to obtain enough urea fertilisers and urged the state authorities to intervene.

While the Manipur authorities has claimed that there is no such thing as a shortage of urea and enough urea fertilisers can be found within the state, the farmers of several components of hills and valley areas within the state are but to get enough urea fertilisers for farming.

A senior officer of the state agriculture division stated several farmers of Ukhrul, Kamjong, Thoubal, Kakching, and Jiribam districts are but to get urea fertilizers and they’re going through numerous issues.

But the Manipur authorities has refuted all allegations and claimed that the state has enough inventory of urea fertilizers.

Manipur agriculture minister Oinam Lukhoi Singh stated the state agriculture division has already supplied 65,100 luggage of urea for Thoubal and Kakching districts out of the required 64,500 luggage and the Centre has supplied urea for each hills and valley farmers.

In August this yr, a 15-member Parliamentary Standing Committee on Chemicals & Fertilisers led by chairperson Kanimozhi, DMK MP, visited Manipur to inquiry into the reviews of urea shortage within the state.

After visiting the state, the chairperson stated, “We have talked with the officials on the serious issue. We also met eight farmers to know the problems they faced. Since this is the job of the state government, we requested it to resolve the crisis. We were assured that the matter will be settled shortly.”

During the go to of the Parliamentary Standing Committee, the Loumee Shinmee Apun Lup (LOUSAL), Manipur, had submitted a memorandum to the chairperson and stated the precise urea requirement for Kharif crops (paddy cultivation) of the state is 2,31,540 luggage or 10.42 tons.

According to LOUSAL, the realm of current paddy land within the state is 1,95,000 hectare whereas the realm used for jhuming and terrace cultivation in hill space and space coated within the valley for natural cultivation by MOMA measure 88,820 and 9,000 hectare, respectively.

The space of current paddy land and waterlogged space within the valley, alternatively, measures 20,000 and 77,180 hectares, respectively.

The LOUSAL stated whereas the full urea requirement is 2,41,000 luggage, the Centre has allotted 4,40,000 luggage of urea to the state, which is sort of double the requirement, nonetheless, it’s not obtainable to all of the farmers of the state.

On the opposite hand, Congress chief Jairam Ramesh had earlier accused the BJP-led authorities in Manipur of diverting its quota of urea to the state’s hill districts the place poppy is allegedly grown for opium.

“BJP’s ‘Vikas’ in Manipur. Manipur is getting TWICE the supply of urea it needs and yet farmers complain of shortage! Why? Because urea is diverted to hill areas in Manipur, where poppy is being grown for opium in large areas in the last 4 yrs. The State Govt is fully complicit in this,” Jairam had tweeted.


After the extended moist spell which has affected the paddy subject this yr, Punjab farmers at the moment are going through a shortage of DAP.

DAP is an ingredient utilized in sowing the wheat crop. According to Punjab agriculture minister Randeep Singh Nabha, there’s a shortage of 4,76,000 tonnes of DAP within the state. The state has solely been left with 74,000 tonnes of DAP in opposition to the full requirement of 5.5 lakh tonnes.

Nabha additional stated wheat is probably going to be grown over 35 lakh hectares beside the potato crop. At least one quintal of DAP is required to sow wheat over an space of a hectare.

Sources shut to the agricultural division stated the state-owned company Markfed failed to procure requisite shares of DAP due to some cause.

The DAP is generally imported by means of the Union authorities. Last yr, it was imported from China and this yr, the shares could also be procured from the USA and the UK.

Earlier in September this yr, the vegetable growers had additionally complained about DAP fertiliser shortage.

Sources stated the shortage of DAP has resulted in black advertising of the fertiliser. Punjab farmers have been compelled to carry this fertiliser from neighbouring Haryana at exorbitant costs.

One bag of DAP is priced at Rs 1,200 which is being bought at Rs 1,400. Not solely this however the farmers are additionally being compelled to purchase different items together with DAP.


Last month, farmers in Bihar’s Nawada district blocked roads and allegedly stole luggage of urea to protest in opposition to the shortage of fertilisers.

On October 8, Karnataka Chief Minister Basavaraj Bommai stated the Centre assured the state that it’s going to provide 42,000 tonnes of non-urea fertilisers, particularly DAP and MoP, to meet the shortage in the course of the forthcoming rabi season. He added that within the case of urea, there is no such thing as a shortage because the central authorities has allotted 89,860 tonnes for the rabi season of the 2021-22 crop yr (July-June).

Sowing of rabi (winter) crops will start after harvesting of kharif (summer season) crops, which continues to be underway.

(With inputs from businesses)

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