Combating the drone menace: India needs to pick up pace with anti-drone measures

Low flying buzzing drones with little or no sound is usually a nightmare for safety forces as they’re tough to detect and may be instruments to perform destruction. This was most just lately seen in the assault on the Indian Air Force Station in Jammu on June 27.

A drone’s capability to fly low makes it tough to be caught by radars. Besides, it produces little or no sound whereas working, which provides to the stealth that makes its detection a problem.

Indian Army Chief General MM Naravane has sounded a warning that drones will proceed to be utilized by state and non-state actors. It is on this backdrop that India needs to ramp up its anti-drone capabilities and search for options from inside and outdoors to fight the menace.

India noticed a small trailer of drone warfare as two bombs were dropped at the high security air force station of Jammu on June 27.

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WHY ANTI-DRONE TECH IS IMPORTANT

Drone assaults are usually not new and have been adopted in the previous to not simply hit army targets, but in addition civil infrastructure and assault excessive profile personalities.

Trained eagles, to radio jamming know-how and laser beams to carry down drones–the anti-drone warfare continues to be evolving as the challenges retains altering with cheaper choices of destruction.

Drone assaults are an affordable and straightforward choice for which India needs to be higher ready. Experts really feel since use of drones is quickly rising, technological strategies to fight them are additionally evolving.

Group Captain RK Narang, who has extensively studied challenges of unmanned aerial autos (UAVs), says there are numerous innovators in India but it surely stays a query why they have not been indicted to date.

“This is the time we must use existing capabilities and take ownership and make one entity in-charge. If we prioritise, we can achieve deployment of new technologies in a short period,” Narang mentioned.

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Anshuman Tripathi, a drone know-how knowledgeable who can also be a member of the National Security Advisory Board, says, “Drones are still evolving and solutions to handle them are incomplete. It’s a matter of few years when the technology matures and you can standardise equipment as you go forward.”

ANTI-DRONE SYSTEMS DEVELOPED AROUND THE WORLD

ISRAEL’S DRONE DOME

Just like Israel’s Iron Drome that may detect and neutralise missiles, the Drome Drone is an efficient system to tackle rouge unmanned aerial autos (UAVs) or drones.

Developed by the Isreali firm Rafael, the system detects, jams after which shoots down the suspected drone.

A 360-degree radar system permits exact detection adopted by visible monitoring by the inbuilt digital camera. The producers describe it as an end-to-end resolution for interception and destruction of hostile drones.

Through its jammers or the high-powered laser beams, the drones may be introduced down.

One of the largest challenges for any anti-drone system is to detect small or mini drones which are simply accessible commercially. The Drone Dome system claims to detect goal as small as 0.002 m2, at a distance of three.5 km, the Rafale web site says.

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The firm claims that the system ensures it doesn’t trigger collateral harm as a result of it is not going to shoot the laser beam until it is 100 per cent locked onto the goal.

The system has been operational in Israel since 2019.

SMASH 2000

The SMASH 2000 system is fitted on a rifle and can be utilized to carry down drones. The Israeli system recognises, tracks and engages targets in the air with precision.

While the Indian Navy has already opted for the Israeli anti-drone Smash rifles, the Jammu assault is a actuality examine for different forces to usher in related capabilities to guard in opposition to drone assaults.

The Israeli and US forces are amongst those that are utilizing the system that may observe and search out a number of targets.

Developed by the Israeli firm Sharpshooter, the SMASH system permits any soldier on floor to be geared up with anti-drone capabilities as the system may be simply mounted on rifles.

“Our proprietary target acquisition and tracking algorithms are integrated with sophisticated image-processing software into a rugged hardware solution, providing an easy to use and cost-effective solution,” the Israeli firm claims on its web site.

DRONE HUNTER

Manufactured in the US, the Drone Hunter can intercept suspicious drones via its refined radars.

“DroneHunter captures and tows away these dangerous or malicious drones with no collateral damage,” says the web site of Fortem Technologies.

The anti-drone system works in numerous modes relying on the state of affairs. In the Pursue Mode, it investigates suspicious drones via its on-board optical cameras.

ALSO READ | IAF station in Jammu gets anti-drone system, jammers days after attack on air base

It has a warning mode, whereby with flashlights it offers out a warning alarm to the threatening drone.

In the protection and assault modes, it fires a netgun earlier than capturing and towing away the drones with a web defend that it engages with.

WHAT US FORCES APPROVED LAST YEAR

The US army had drawn out an inventory of counter-drone applied sciences final 12 months to meet the new challenges that UAVs pose. It was in January 2020 that the Department of Defence fashioned a joint Counter-Small Unmanned Aerial System physique for figuring out and growing the future technique in opposition to drone threats.

The seven accredited techniques had been divided into three classes: (1) Fixed and semi-fixed techniques, (2) Dismounted and handheld techniques; and (3) Mounted cell techniques.

CORIAN or the Counter Remote Controlled Model Aircraft Integrated Network System comes below the mounted and semi-fixed class that was chosen for guarding defence services in opposition to drone threats. The US Navy has additionally opted for this method.

“CORIAN is a modular, scalable mission technology system which detects, identifies, tracks, and mitigates Unmanned Aerial System threats using precision-neutralisation techniques that ensure little to no collateral damage to the surrounding radio frequency (RF) spectrum and existing communications,” mentioned a press launch from the firm final 12 months after it was chosen for division of defence’s mission.

NINJA (Negation of Improvised Non-State Joint Aerial-Threats) has been provided to the US Air Force below the identical class.

Amongst the handheld counter-drone applied sciences in the listing is the Dronebuster utilized by US forces.

“With the Dronebuster, the operator can quickly intercept the drone command link and command the drone to descend or go home. All the operators must do is aim the Dronebuster at the drone and pull the trigger,” the producer FlexForce claims.

ALSO READ | India needs drone detection systems to counter future attacks, say experts

The Smart Shooter that can be utilized for on typical rifles is the different accredited system below the handheld class for the US forces.

In the mounted class is the Light Mounted Air Defence Integrated System. Termed as the killer drone that is utilized by the US Marines.

INDIA’s OPTIONS

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed an anti-drone know-how to detect, intercept and shoot down drones that’s present process trials.

“It has both soft kill and hard kill capabilities. We are interacting with all security agencies and trying to improve the system. Industry has already taken transfer of technology. Bharat Electronic Limited is the ToT holder. Some more industries are coming forward,” mentioned DRDO Chairman G Sateesh Reddy talking to journalists.

He mentioned the system has been developed and trials are on. “More inputs being taken from armed forces, discussions on to modify it further.”

The DRDO had deployed the system final 12 months throughout occasions like Republic Day however many really feel for a 24×7 monitoring in additional hostile territory, the system needs to be additional examined.

ALSO READ | Why the Jammu airbase attack is worrying

The system is developed to jam drones up to 3 km and might carry down targets utilizing a laser weapon at targets 1-2 km away.

There are different choices from the trade as properly that want to be carefully studied.

Hyderabad-based Grene Robotics says it has developed India’s personal drone dome ‘Indrajaal’ that may guard in opposition to drone threats.

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