Covid-19: 6 factors that could derail India’s economic revovery

India’s economic restoration could face main roadblocks if the Covid-19 state of affairs continues to deteriorate. On Thursday, the nation (*6*).

Many brokerage corporations had predicted the second wave to disrupt India’s growth for only a quarter due to fewer restrictions on mobility and businesses. However, strain on the economic system appears to be step by step rising as states tighten restrictions in view of quickly rising instances and deaths.

Having stated that, listed here are 5 threat factors that pose a risk to India’s economic restoration:


The reality that state-imposed restrictions have did not comprise the unfold of Covid-19 instances is the most important economic threat in the meanwhile. As instances proceed to rise, client sentiments have turned unfavorable, evident from a drop in demand for non-essential goods.

Demand for commodities like properties, automobiles and client durables are prone to keep muted until the state of affairs improves. In case the Covid disaster worsens, the demand for such commodities will fall additional, finally impacting economic restoration.


More states at the moment are imposing stricter restrictions measures whereas some have introduced an entire lockdown. This is prone to harm non-essential economic exercise, primarily affecting sectors like hospitality, tourism, aviation, actual property and even manufacturing to some extent.

Despite the imposition of strict curbs, most states are reporting an increase in every day Covid-19 instances. In such a state of affairs, lockdowns are prone to be prolonged additional, resulting in lack of essential commerce exercise. This is prone to affect lakhs of smaller companies and merchants who’ve been pressured out of motion in the course of the second wave of Covid-19.

Read | Explained: How Covid restrictions are hurting economy during 2nd wave

Meanwhile, there are additionally choices being mentioned to impose a nationwide lockdown within the wake of document rise in Covid-19 instances and deaths. While calls for a nationwide lockdown have been amplifying for the past few days, it should create a tough state of affairs for smaller companies and MSMEs. If the federal government does announce a nationwide lockdown, it also needs to present a concrete reduction package deal to assist susceptible households and companies.


India’s Covid-19 vaccination drive has been slow in many states due to shortage and wastages. The tempo at which persons are being vaccinated in opposition to Covid-19 in the meanwhile could result in a major delay in lifting curbs, leading to increased losses than initially estimated.

Multiple brokerages had earlier stated the federal government has to ramp up the vaccination course of to restrict the economic losses in the course of the second wave of Covid-19. At the second, nevertheless, issues don’t appear to be on course.


Sectors like hospitality, tourism, leisure and journey initially confronted hurdles attributable to localised restrictions introduced in some states.

However, extra sectors at the moment are feeling the pinch as lockdowns are getting stricter throughout most states. Real property, development, client durables, vehicles, aviation, transport and different ancillary sectors are feeling the strain as lockdowns get stricter.

Also Read | Covid derails economy: 5 sectors that have been hit hard

Most of the above-mentioned sectors are but to recuperate from the preliminary economic affect of the pandemic. The second wave could make issues worse if it goes on for an extended interval than predicted earlier.


There has been a sharp rise in the unemployment rate in April due to a decline in business activity and restrictions. Although the affect isn’t as widespread compared to 2020, the unemployment charge is rising quick, particularly amongst casual employees.

The rise in unemployment amongst casual or gig economic system employees result in a pointy drop in family earnings among the many poorer inhabitants, which could even affect demand for important commodities like meals.

India’s economic system is already struggling as a result of unavailability of employment alternatives. Economic restoration could face a severe productiveness hurdle if the employment numbers don’t go up within the subsequent few quarters.


Rising inflation in the course of the second Covid-19 wave is one other risk to economic restoration. While meals inflation could drop, the actual fact that core inflation stays excessive stays a priority for the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

At a time when many individuals are prone to lose their jobs attributable to lack of economic exercise, inflation could additional affect the demand equation and finally decelerate the nation’s economic restoration.

Also Read | Why rising inflation, Covid could be a spoilsport in growth recovery

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