Covid vaccine registration automation stirs debate on vaccine equity

The authorities opened the Application Programming Interface (API) of the Co-Win platform for third-party purposes hoping that it will assist individuals with helpful knowledge in the course of the essential vaccination drive. However, current stories have recommended that the general public API of Co-Win could possibly be misused by the programmers to automate the method of registration of the Covid-19 vaccination and notifications.

Co-Win chief Dr RS Sharma has stated that automated reserving of vaccine slots by operating scripts was not doable for ineligible individuals, as there are different checks corresponding to OTP validation.

However, some consultants declare that whereas the general public API knowledge of Co-Win alone cannot be used to automate the registration course of, it could possibly be used with Robotic Process Automation (RPA) to automate the self-registration course of on the Co-Win platform.

However, this course of would require technical sophistication and sources that might make mass registration by people on the platform a troublesome job.

Other consultants level in the direction of an moral concern that the platform favours the individuals with entry to superior expertise, additional excluding individuals who lack the technical know-how.

Also Read | CoWin gets new 4-digit security code feature to prevent vaccination status errors


Just like people want a typical platform and a language to speak with one another, the API is a protocol which permits machines or packages to speak to one another.

APIs are sometimes made publicly obtainable to builders to be able to provide you with totally different options which make this system much more helpful. In the case of Co-Win, the API was made obtainable on April 28.

The thought was to make the information obtainable to 3rd events so that individuals may have entry to the essential info on vaccination drive in a couple of means.

The developer group additionally responded and got here up with a number of options which permit individuals to arrange alerts when vaccines change into obtainable of their space of alternative.

Platforms like Under45 ship telegram alerts when a vaccine slot turns into obtainable utilizing the general public API. Similarly, an open-source Google sheets script created by Amit Agarwal, a pc science engineer from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) and founding father of digital answer platform Labnol, helps customers set e-mail alerts.

“What we have done is, using these public APIs, we have built a spreadsheet where anybody could put in their pin code and email address. It keeps connecting to this API every one or two hours and it keeps checking the availability of the vaccines. In case the vaccines are available, that spreadsheet will send an email alert to the users” Agarwal informed India Today TV.

Also Read | Changes in CoWin app, govt restricts vaccine slot info to fight bots and alert services


Public API of the Co-Win app alone isn’t sufficient to completely automate the registration course of. The authorities on its half has not launched the complete API wanted to automate the registration course of.

“As far as I know, the only API they provide is for providing the availability of vaccines across pin codes or districts, they do not provide API for registration. I have not come across any case where developers have automated the entire registration process,” Amit Agarwal informed India Today TV.

Co-Win chief Dr RS Sharma stated that whereas it’s doable for “a script to send the same manual commands that a person would do, but that doesn’t mean that the person would get a seat where the seat is not available for others or without OTP authentication.”


However, Tarun Wig, co-founder of Innefu Labs, a digital options firm that specialises in predictive intelligence utilizing Artificial Intelligence (AI), means that in concept, it might be doable to automate the registration system with the assistance of Robotic Process Automation (RPA).

Also Read | How to speed up India’s vaccination drive? Here’s what experts have to say

“How some people may have misused it that they may have created an RPA. A normal script running in the background, so every time they figure out that there is a slot availability (using public API), what it will do is that it will automatically open the Co-Win platform, it will register the user, it will wait for the OTP, subsequently read it from the mobile phone assuming that I there is an application (customised) in my mobile phone,” Wig informed India Today TV.

Pointing out the sources required for such a system to work, Tarun Wig added that he does not see a mass use of this expertise below current circumstances.

The authorities has additionally put a fee restrict on the API which limits the variety of API calls from one IP tackle.

“People who are trying to check the slots with the API, are now getting the data 30 minutes late than those who are trying to register manually on the platform,” Wig defined.

He additionally added that the federal government may introduce additional clauses like registration of builders to entry the API, to be able to examine its misuse.


While the jury continues to be out over the doable automation of the Co-Win registration course of, APIs are getting used to create automated alerts informing varied customers in regards to the availability of the vaccines.

Also Read | Paytm launches new tool to find COVID-19 vaccine slots

“The requirement to register on the Co-WIN platform itself results in the exclusion of a large section of society. The APIs have further skewed the process by enabling the more tech-savvy situation to gain an advantage while discriminating against the poor and the less tech-savvy citizens,” Prasanth Sugathan, Legal Director, Software Freedom Law Center, India ( informed India Today TV.

“If you have skills and knowledge, if you are a developer, does that mean that it is your job to cheat others? The young coders and developers should help others and not brag about breaking the system,” Dr Sharma stated.

He confused that it was mistaken from an moral and ethical viewpoint. Tarun Wig agrees.

“There is definitely an ethical concern because somebody who is using a script to automate the behaviour has an edge over somebody who is trying to do it manually,” Wig stated.

Co-Win chief Dr Sharma believes that the builders who might have used the automation to leap the queue usually are not serving to the nation.

Experts additionally level out that massive personal platforms may use the general public API to achieve the lots.

Citing the instance of fashionable cost app Paytm, which launched its personal free vaccine slot alerts for its prospects, Amit Agarwal stated, “Whatever we are building should definitely be able to reach the masses, at the same time Paytm which is used by 7 crore people, has also added this feature in their app. When big companies start building this functionality in their apps, it definitely reaches the masses. Obviously, the best and most practical feature should be to bring the alert feature into the government feature.”

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