Decoded | One Nation One Ration Card, why Supreme Court pushed govt scheme

The Supreme Court on Tuesday gave a deadline to all states and Union territories to implement ‘One Nation, One Ration Card’ (ONORC) scheme by July 31. The authentic deadline for ONORC was March 31, 2021.

What’s ONORC scheme?

One Nation, One Ration Card is a government scheme to make sure that no citizen sleeps hungry. It was rolled out beneath the National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013.

Why ONORC scheme was launched?

The central authorities introduced rolling out the One Nation, One Ration Card scheme in May 2020.

It was the time when experiences, pictures and movies of 1000’s of migrant staff had been splashing by screens of cellphones, tv and newsprints. They had been fleeing their place of job following nationwide lockdown introduced in March 2020 to include unfold of Covid-19.

The ONORC will not be precisely a 2020 product. It was launched in August, 2019 whereas work on the portability of ration card had begun as early as April 2018.

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Back then, the federal government launched the Integrated Management of Public Distribution System (IM-PDS) aiming to reform the present Public Distribution System (PDS).

What it requires

One Nation, One Ration Card scheme entitles migrant workers to buy subsidised ration from any fair price shop on the place of job or keep anyplace in India.

The beneficiary will not be required to be a registered ration card holder within the state, district or village of labor or keep.
Another provision is that if one member of the family (migrant employee) receives her quota of ration at one place (say Delhi), the remainder of the relations are nonetheless entitled to getting ration of their village in different district (say Cachar in Assam).

How it’s to be performed?

A nationwide platform digitises ration playing cards which have all related particulars of beneficiaries and schedules a month-to-month quota of ration the cardboard holder is entitled to obtain. Aadhaar is the principle biometric knowledge supply.

The system permits withdrawals of ration by digital level of sale machines. In impact, One Nation, One Ration Card permits portability of ration advantages throughout states and it really works similar to cellular quantity portability.
The nationwide platform runs on two supporting portals – Integrated Management of Public Distribution System (IM-PDS) (impds.nic.in) and Annavitran (annavitran.nic.in).

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How many states have adopted ONORC?

Thirty-two states and Union Territories. That is, besides Assam, Chhattisgarh, Delhi and West Bengal, all states have adopted the ONORC.

What occurred to previous PDS?

The ONORC incentivises reforms within the current Public Distribution System (PDS). The central authorities set a situation: further borrowing by a state will be authorized in the course of the Covid-19 pandemic provided that it implements One Nation, One Ration Card scheme.

To struggle the pandemic, all states want extra funds. More than 15 states have since cumulatively obtained over Rs 37,500 crore as further borrowing beneath ONORC incentive.

ALSO READ | ‘One Nation One Ration Card’ to give easier ration access to migrants by 2021

How many individuals get the profit?

The estimates of migrant staff range, from 10-12 crore. The central authorities at present offers cheaper foodgrains to about 80 crore folks throughout the nation beneath the NFS Act.

There are over 23.60 crore ration card holders in India. They are entitled to purchase ration from practically 5.5 lakh truthful value retailers.

What they get and at what value?

The NFSA ration card holders are entitled to buy rice at Rs 3 per kg, wheat at Rs 2 per kg and coarse grains at Re 1 per kg.

What did the Supreme Court say?

The Supreme Court was listening to a petition that sought a number of instructions to the Centre and state governments to make sure meals safety for susceptible segments of society.

The petition additionally sought route for extra environment friendly money transfers and higher implementation of welfare measures for migrant staff.

The Supreme Court directed the Centre to distribute dry ration amongst migrant staff freed from value until Covid-19 pandemic state of affairs prevails.

ALSO READ | Despite complaining of resource crunch, several states ignored additional borrowing scheme

On ONORC, the Supreme Court ordered registration of migrant staff and ration card holders ought to be full on a nationwide portal by July 31.

It directed all states and Union Territories to register all institutions and contractors earlier than deadline to make sure meals safety of migrant staff.

During an earlier listening to in May, the Supreme Court had chided the federal government businesses saying the method of registration of unorganised staff was “very slow”.

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