Decoded | What is this new quota system for medical colleges?

The central authorities on Thursday rolled out new reservation coverage for admission in medical faculties below totally different state governments. Now, college students from one state could be eligible for admission in medical faculties in different states via an All India Quota (AIQ).

Weren’t college students already getting admission in medical faculties of different states?

Yes, they were getting admission in medical colleges in other states however they have been handled as “general” class college students by the state authorities below which the stated medical faculties have been positioned.

Every state authorities has a quota record of its personal.

Now, there will likely be a separate quota for college students, based mostly on the central record, belonging to the Other Backward Classes (OBCs) and the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) in medical faculties throughout the nation.

How will the new quota regime work?

The central government announced a reservation of 27 per cent seats for the OBCs and 10 per cent for the EWS college students in medical faculties.

1. The OBC and EWS categorisation of scholars will likely be selected the idea of the central lists for the stated classes.

2. The new quota construction applies for each undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) programs of medical faculties.

Is this AIQ a new coverage?

Not actually. The AIQ is truly a 35-year-old quota construction. It came into being in 1986 following Supreme Court orders.

1. The AIQ permits college students from one state to hunt admission in a medical school positioned in one other state with out being subjected to the restrictions of domicile.

2. Such admissions are based mostly on benefit and the AIQ.

Under the AIQ association, 15 per cent undergraduate and 50 per cent postgraduate seats throughout states are stuffed in by the central authorities quota.

1. The AIQ doesn’t alter the domicile requirement for filling up the remainder 85 per cent of undergraduate and 50 per cent of postgraduate seats in medical faculties in any of the states. These seats are reserved for domiciled college students solely.

What was the association until now?

In 2007, the Supreme Court introduced 15 per cent quota for Scheduled Castes (Dalits) and seven.5 per cent for Scheduled Tribes below the AIQ scheme.

1. The Central Education Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act got here into impact in 2007.

2. The legislation supplied for a uniform reservation of 27 per cent to OBC college students in all academic establishments below the central authorities.

This legislation didn’t present for reservation of seats for the OBC or EWS college students in state medical faculties below the AIQ scheme.

The central authorities’s announcement of new quota regime fills that hole.

Why now?

There could be multiple reasons for the timing of the new AIQ scheme’s announcement by the central authorities.

1. On July 27 final yr, the Madras High Court had directed the central authorities to implement the AIQ scheme in all of the medical faculties within the present session.

2. Claiming deliberate delay in implementing the Madras High Court order, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) — the ruling get together in Tamil Nadu — moved a contempt petition in opposition to the central authorities just lately.

3. On July 26, the central authorities knowledgeable the Madras High Court that its order could be applied in every week. The similar day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi held a gathering to evaluation the progress of OBC and EWS reservations in faculties.

Is there a UP election connection as nicely?

Many linked this transfer to the Uttar Pradesh Assembly election due in about six months. The central authorities’s AIQ determination got here a day forward of PM Modi’s scheduled inauguration of 9 medical faculties in Uttar Pradesh.

1. Incidentally, the OBCs represent an estimated 54-55 per cent of Uttar Pradesh’s inhabitants belonging to each Hindu and Muslim spiritual communities.

2. The OBCs type about 41-42 per cent of Hindu and 12-13 per cent of Muslim inhabitants in Uttar Pradesh.

What occurred to Mandal quota?

The quota in jobs and educational institutions introduced through the Mandal Commission report is nonetheless in drive. It supplies for reservation in jobs and academic establishments of the central authorities.

The state governments too applied the identical scheme. Some states, for instance Tamil Nadu, have supplied reservation past the boundaries really helpful by the Mandal Commission. But all these quota regimes in states work on the idea of domicile.

The AIQ scheme is for college students who search admission in faculties of reputation positioned in states apart from the place they’re domiciled.

How will the new AIQ scheme profit OBC and EWS college students?

According to the central authorities, the full variety of seats in medical faculties is 84,649 for the undergraduate course and 54,275 for the postgraduate course.

1. Around 1,500 OBC college students are prone to get advantages in admission in MBBS course and a couple of,500 within the postgraduate course below the new AIQ scheme.

2. The variety of EWS beneficiary college students is estimated to be 500 within the MBBS course and 1,000 within the postgraduate course.

Overall, an estimated 5,500 college students would get the profit below the new AIQ scheme, the federal government stated.

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