Explained: Why Indian businesses are worried about 2nd Covid wave

The second wave of Covid-19 is waning, however states are but to ease native lockdown-like restrictions, resulting in lowered financial actions. As a outcome, the second wave has eroded the beneficial properties businesses remodeled the previous couple of months.

Many businesses within the nation are once more going through a disaster and sentiment has been disrupted throughout the board, in accordance with the newest spherical of FICCI’s Business Confidence Survey.

Read | Covid derails economy: 5 sectors that have been hit hard


The newest responses revealed a pointy deterioration within the optimism degree of company India compared to the earlier survey. According to FICCI’s newest report. The Overall Business Confidence Index (OBCI) plunged has plunged sharply as demand has been hit onerous.

Given the uncertainty, near-term development expectations of businesses stay muted. The OBCI nosedived to 51.5 within the present survey after touching a decade excessive of 74.2 within the earlier spherical.

Worsening financial situations, in addition to muted expectations about the near-term throughout the second wave of Covid-19, pulled down the general index worth by over 20 factors. However, the index score was greater than the 42.9 registered a yr in the past.


At least 70 per cent of the respondents mentioned weaker demand is a worrying issue going ahead. This signifies that many businesses are involved about decrease demand because it may influence gross sales for an extended interval, even after the second wave subsides.

The FICCI survey additional escalated demand issues raised by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in its current May 2021 bulletin.

Explained: How lower demand impacts India’s Covid-hit economy

The survey was performed throughout the months of April/May 2021 and captures the expectations of the respondents for the interval April to September 2021.


The FICCI survey additionally famous that family incomes have been severely impacted by the second wave, and it may weaken demand situations throughout the second wave for an extended interval.

“Since a much larger proportion of the population has been impacted in the current wave, there has been permanent impairment to income for many households who have faced job losses or have lost bread earners to Covid-19,” the survey famous.

“There is a call to put in place measures to support demand revival, most believe these measures will be crucial for the economy to recover from the latest pandemic-induced shock,” it added.

Having mentioned that, corporates imagine that one such measure is to ramp up the tempo of vaccinations. It will permit states to chill out restrictions quicker and pave manner for elevated financial exercise.

While the scenario is best than 2020 when it comes to operations, the localised lockdowns this yr have led to elevated uncooked materials prices. Around 65 per cent of the members cited greater uncooked materials prices as a constraining issue within the current survey compared to 59 per cent stating likewise within the earlier spherical.


Companies that participated within the newest FICCI survey stay uncertain about gross sales prospects. Just 31 per cent of respondents hope for higher gross sales within the close to time period, a lot decrease than 66 per cent who confirmed optimism within the earlier spherical.

Also Read | Demand for non-essential items plummet amid Covid surge, businesses worried

It could also be famous that firms have witnessed a dip in gross sales, and earnings could endure within the close to time period. “The proportion of respondents citing higher profits over next six months declined to 16% in the latest survey vis-à-vis 36% respondents stating the same in the previous round,” the survey famous.


The influence of localised restrictions has impacted round 80 per cent of the businesses who participated within the survey. All of them agreed that they had been going through points in finishing up enterprise because of localised lockdowns.

As a results of decrease gross sales and demand, solely 19 per cent of the businesses who responded within the survey had been optimistic about hiring over the subsequent two quarters. It was 35 per cent within the earlier spherical.


The respondents flagged weak consumer sentiment as their topmost concern adopted by non-availability of uncooked supplies and manpower scarcity, owing to varied components corresponding to elevated infections in household and hesitancy to journey.

Increased publicity to dangers and logistical delays because of contemporary lockdowns had been additionally highlighted as constraining components.

A majority of the respondents highlighted that they had been strictly following government-mandated guidelines and inspiring Covid applicable behaviour of their premises. Additionally, an elevated degree of digitisation has helped businesses tide over this wave in a extra deliberate method.

Respondents additionally confused that they had been guaranteeing ample liquidity and had been sustaining buffers of key inputs in addition to remaining product shares. Alongside, firms are more and more specializing in exterior markets the place demand is reviving. In the home market, there’s a a lot better emphasis on catering to zones that are beneath much less extreme restrictions.


While the coverage assist prolonged by the RBI on May 5, 2021, was broadly acknowledged and appreciated by the business, another points on the working of the monetary system had been mirrored by the members.

A big proportion of the taking part firms emphasised issues in availing credit score and referred to as upon the banking neighborhood to additional improve lending at an inexpensive price. Companies imagine that the necessity of the hour is guaranteeing ample liquidation within the system. Companies are calling upon RBI to proceed to make sure ample liquidity within the system.

Companies imagine the central financial institution “must take additional measures to encourage banks to lend more”.

“It is essential that credit is provided to distressed segments of the industry, as well as to those segments which have adequate collateral or have great potential to generate more cash flows as the economy moves towards normalisation,” the survey famous.

The firms additionally highlighted that the method for approval of loans has turn out to be extraordinarily time-consuming which is severely dampening enterprise prospects.

Participating firms felt that any refusal by banks to lend to firms should be backed by a cause and the identical should be formally communicated as this may enhance transparency.

A majority of the taking part firms additionally referred to as for an extension of the moratorium on loans, principal and curiosity funds, for at the very least one other six months.

Participating firms emphasised the necessity for a steady rate of interest regime for about 12-18 months. They additionally beneficial that the RBI should proceed being accommodative until sustainable normalcy returns to the system.

On the fiscal aspect, firms unanimously felt the necessity for one more fiscal bundle, focusing majorly on addressing the demand aspect. Demand boosting measures corresponding to direct earnings assist to rural in addition to city poor, earnings tax reductions for the center class and non permanent reductions in oblique taxes should be urgently thought-about.

Respondents additionally highlighted the necessity for the continuation of liquidity assist and credit score enhancement measures to MSMEs as introduced within the earlier yr.

They referred to as for focused fiscal assist — within the type of tax waiver and monetary help — to sectors that had been beforehand stored out of the stimulus bundle however had been deeply impacted by it (together with journey, tourism, resorts and hospitality and civil aviation).


Another demand highlighted by the businesses was for the federal government to supply employment-based incentives to employers to avert any job losses. This may embody non permanent fiscal assist in the direction of funds of wage for workers within the MSME sector and/or exempt employers’ contribution to PF and ESI for the present fiscal yr.

Many firms additionally felt that frontloading capital expenditure, by each central and state governments, was the necessity of the hour as this may tremendously construct and maintain market sentiments and demand.

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