GST 4th anniversary: Hits and misses under ambitious tax regime

One of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s most ambitious initiatives after assuming workplace was the rollout of the Goods and Services Tax (GST). The GST regime got here into existence 4 years in the past on July 1, 2017, when late Arun Jaitley was the finance minister.

The GST subsumed at the very least 17 oblique taxes together with value-added tax (VAT), excise obligation, service tax. It is price mentioning that GST is imposed at each step of the manufacturing course of however is collected on the finish, refunding all events finally aside from the ultimate shopper.

Read | GST 4th anniversary: Finance Ministry to issue appreciation certificates to 54,439 GST payers


In an try to spice up small institutions, the GST Council determined that companies with an annual turnover of as much as Rs 40 lakh will probably be exempt from GST. Furthermore, these companies which have a turnover as much as Rs 1.5 crore can go for the Composition Scheme & pay only one per cent tax.

Meanwhile, a service supplier having turnover as much as Rs 50 lakh in a yr can go for a composition scheme for companies and pay 6 per cent tax.

While many exemptions have been allowed, the paperwork to enrol for GST stays cumbersome. This is why many companies, particularly the smaller ones, have opted to stay out of the ambit of GST.

Also Read | GST reduced tax rate, increased compliance: Finance Ministry


Before the coronavirus pandemic, there was consensus between the Centre and the state on GST. However, the tax regime soured relations between the Centre and some states after the pandemic battered the economic system. The debate over compensation cess to states continues between states and Centre.

Despite the tug of battle between Centre and states, GST collections have improved after the preliminary wave of the pandemic; it remained the Rs 1 lakh crore for the previous eight months in a row. The assortment was Rs 1,02,702 crore within the month of May.

Also Read | GST revenue collection for May touches Rs 1.02 lakh crore, 65% higher compared to 2020

After the nation was hit by the pandemic, the federal government was requested by companies to chop down GST charges and the Council had quickly eliminated the tax on two medicines. GST charges on medical objects like medication, medical-grade oxygen, testing kits had been slashed to five per cent.

The levy on ambulances was slashed to 12 per cent for a bit of over three-and-a-half months.


While tax assortment has remained a bit of over Rs 1 lakh crore, consultants imagine the federal government has been unable to widen the tax web, which is why GST collections haven’t elevated past a sure restrict.

It could also be famous that the Centre’s share of GST grew by simply 3.5 per cent in 2019-2020. It had dropped to 7.9 per cent throughout the pandemic in 2020-2021. This shortfall can be the rationale behind excessive excise obligation on gas costs.

Some consultants counsel that the GST web might not widen additional as many small companies haven’t enrolled under the tax regime because of complicated paperwork.


The key issue for the success of the GST regime is consensus amongst states and authorities, however relations have sourced during the last yr, evident by the claims and counter-claims in previous GST Council conferences.

States proceed to slam the Centre for not with the ability to pay well timed compensation, as promised throughout the implementation of GST 4 years in the past.

Also Read | Unpaid bills: A Centre-state GST squabble

Many state finance ministers, who’re a part of the council, are actually terming council conferences as political slugfests. The opposition-ruled States usually complain of not being heard on the GST Council conferences.


Despite the setbacks, the federal government has maintained a constructive outlook in regards to the GST regime, citing achievements under it.

On Twitter, Prime Minister Narendra Modi stated, “GST has been a milestone within the financial panorama of India because it has decreased the variety of taxes, compliance burden and general tax weight on the widespread man.”

Finance minister, Nirmala Sitharaman stated, “This year on GST day, the Union ministry of finance will issue certificates of appreciation to over 54,000 GST payers for timely filing of returns and a cash payment of the tax.”

Many different Union ministers have praised the GST regime for serving to improve compliance in oblique taxation apart from decreasing the burden on tens of millions of smaller merchants and businessmen.

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