Meet top Taliban leadership: Supreme leader, a shrewd politician and a ruthless commander

Chaos has engulfed Afghanistan a day after the Taliban captured Kabul as Afghan President Ashraf Ghani fled the nation. The Taliban took management of the presidential palace in Kabul, conclusively ending the 20-year-old American maintain in Afghanistan.

According to the most recent studies, Kabul is gripped by panic as people rush to airports and border posts to go away the nation in worry of a harsh Taliban rule skilled by means of the Nineties as much as 2001.

Dozens of countries referred to as on all events concerned to respect and facilitate the departure of foreigners and Afghans who want to go away. More than 60 nations launched the joint assertion distributed by the US State Department late Sunday evening.

After Ghani fled the nation, the Taliban’s top management is on its approach to take cost of the Afghanistan authorities. A Taliban official introduced from the presidential palace that the country would now be called the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.

Afghanistan’s embattled president left the nation Sunday, becoming a member of his fellow residents and foreigners in a stampede fleeing the advancing Taliban. (Photo: AP)

WHO’S WHO OF TALIBAN

Despite almost 20 years of battle by the US-led forces and billions of {dollars} spent on financing Afghanistan’s rebuilding course of, the Taliban managed to take over your entire nation in simply over a week. The final stages of the takeover began at the same time as negotiations between the Taliban management and the Afghan authorities had been underway in Doha, Qatar.

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Here is the management construction of the Taliban:

Taliban chief Mullah Haibatullah Akhundzada is seen in an undated {photograph}, posted on a Taliban twitter feed on May 25, 2016. (Photo: Reuters)

SUPREME LEADER: HAIBATULLAH AKHUNDZADA

Haibatullah Akhundzada is the present chief of the Taliban outfit. He was a low-profile spiritual determine who labored underneath earlier Taliban chiefs, largely within the background. He now serves because the non secular determine of the Taliban after having been appointed its supreme chief in 2016.

The appointment got here after a United States drone strike killed Mullah Mansour Akhtar, then Taliban chief. According to studies, Akhundzada confirmed his prowess when he managed to safe a pledge of loyalty from al-Qaeda chief Ayman al-Zawahiri.

Also Read: What just happened in Afghanistan? | Decoded

Ayman al-Zawahiri referred to as him “the emir of the faithful”, validating his jihadist credentials with the group’s long-time allies. According to Pakistan-based newspaper Dawn, Akhundzada was tasked with the large problem of unifying the Taliban factions whose unity had briefly fractured as a result of a main energy battle throughout the outfit and rising collision with the Afghan authorities.

Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, the Taliban’s deputy chief and negotiator, and different delegation members attend the Afghan peace convention in Moscow. (Photo: Reuters)

THE POLITICAL HEAD: ABDUL GHANI BARADAR

Freed simply three years in the past from a Pakistani jail on the request of the US, Abdul Ghani Baradar was the co-founder of Taliban Mullah Omar, the one-eyed cleric and former chief of the outfit. The delivery of the Taliban revolves across the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979.

Baradar is now the political head of the Taliban and its most public face. He had been identified for approaching Ghani again in 2001 with a potential deal after the Taliban’s collapse. He was arrested by Pakistan in 2010 earlier than being launched and appointed head of the Taliban’s political workplace and is a key participant in negotiations with the US.

According to The Guardian, Baradar’s return to energy embodies Afghanistan’s incapability to flee the bloody shackles of its previous. Born in Uruzgan province in 1968, he fought as a mujahideen in opposition to the Soviets within the Eighties.

“The Taliban’s real test was only just beginning and that they had to serve the nation,” Baradar mentioned after the autumn of Kabul on Sunday.

The wished poster issued by the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation for Sirajuddin Haqqani is seen in an undated handout picture. (Photo: Reuters)

THE HAQQANI NETWORK: SIRAJUDDIN HAQQANI

Sirajuddin Haqqani, son of anti-Soviet jihad commander Jalaluddin Haqqani, is the deputy chief of the Taliban. He can also be the chief of the Haqqani community, a US-designated terror group that has lengthy been considered as one of the harmful factions preventing Afghan and Nato forces.

According to Dawn, the community is behind among the top assassinations in Afghanistan together with kidnapping western residents for ransom — together with US soldier Bowe Bergdahl, launched in 2014.

LONG READ | Who are the Taliban?

In an opinion column printed in The New York Times in 2020, Sirajuddin Haqqani had mentioned, “We did not choose our war with the foreign coalition led by the United States. We were forced to defend ourselves.”

“We will remain committed to all international conventions as long as they are compatible with Islamic principles. And we expect other countries to respect the sovereignty and stability of our country and consider it as a ground for cooperation rather than competition and conflict.”

Taliban fighters after taking management of Afghan presidential palace. (Photo: AP)

NEXT IN LINE: MULLAH YAQOOB

Mullah Yakoob is the son of Taliban’s founder Mullah Omar heads the group’s highly effective army fee. He is tipped to be the subsequent supreme chief of the Taliban, even through the infighting earlier than 2016.

Yaqoob urged Akhundzada’s in 2016 as he felt he lacked battlefield expertise and was too younger, in line with a Taliban commander on the assembly the place Mansour’s successor was chosen. Yaqoob is alleged to be in his early 30s.

READ: There will be no ‘interim govt’ in Afghanistan: Taliban spokesperson | Exclusive

COUNCIL OF LEADERS: RAHBARI SHURA

The Rahbari Shura is the top council of management, which has the ultimate say on any political issues throughout the Taliban. According to studies, Haibatullah Akhundzada has to take the consensus of the Shura earlier than any main selections. The collegial management mannequin is a step away from the autocratic rule adopted by Mullah Omar, who was taking all the important thing selections.

Also often known as the Quetta Shura after the Pakistani metropolis the place Mullah Omar had allegedly taken refuge following the US invasion, the Rahbhari Shura is basically liable for key political and army selections taken by the Taliban. According to the Council on Foreign Relations, the Shura oversees varied commissions, just like the ministries in place previous to the Taliban’s overthrow, and administrative organs by means of which the Taliban function a shadow authorities.

The commissions embody economics, schooling, well being, and outreach sectors aside from appointing shadow governors and battlefield commanders.

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