Record high fuel prices put India’s economy on slippery track

High fuel taxes mixed with a restoration in worldwide crude oil charges have made life troublesome for hundreds of thousands of households, placing India’s financial restoration in jeopardy. Retail prices of petrol and diesel are hitting record-high levels almost daily as state-run oil advertising and marketing corporations (OMCs) proceed to revise charges upwards.

Petrol price has crossed Rs 100 per litre in multiple states, whereas diesel is steadily inching nearer to the three-figure mark. In truth, shopping for petrol in main Indian cities akin to Mumbai prices virtually twice as a lot as in New York.

At the second, India has the very best fuel charges amongst neighbouring nations and the prices are more likely to climb additional as international oil charges consolidate. Experts have warned that rising fuel charges may severely derail India’s economy, which is already below strain as a result of impression of the second Covid-19 wave.

High petrol and diesel prices haven’t solely impacted car house owners, but in addition individuals who don’t personal a automobile. Rising fuel prices have resulted in a pointy rise in retail inflation, making a bunch of important commodities and companies costlier for residents.

Read | Fuel prices at record high. How it affects your finances


Given the truth that India is Asia’s second-largest oil importer, the nation can not afford larger fuel prices, particularly as demand improves after the second wave of the Covid-19 pandemic.

There are a number of the reason why specialists really feel that the federal government ought to scale back oil prices. For occasion, if petrol and diesel items stay at their present ranges or enhance in future, the demand for 2 important fuels will decline sharply and finally damage the federal government’s income assortment.

In May, fuel demand hit a nine-month low as a result of stalled exercise amid the second wave. While it’s anticipated to enhance in June, the record-high charges might considerably stall restoration in fuel demand. This would find yourself decreasing the federal government’s income assortment from the sale of the 2 important auto fuels.

Inflation is one more reason why economists are apprehensive about rising fuel prices. India’s retail inflation jumped in May, breaching the Reserve Bank of India’s consolation stage, primarily as a result of a hike in petrol and diesel prices.

From the journal | Inflation: A price damper on growth

It could also be famous that fuel prices instantly impression a number of sectors together with transport, meals supply and e-commerce. The price that buyers bear for such companies — instantly or not directly — have been rising steadily over the previous two months on account of rising fuel prices.

Experts counsel the upper fuel prices would severely dent customers’ disposable incomes and the tip outcome will probably be slower development and financial restoration.


For most components of 2020, the central authorities saved elevated taxes on fuel because the nation went below a nationwide lockdown. The excise responsibility was hiked sharply final 12 months regardless of a collapse in international crude oil prices.

The authorities claimed that the prices have been hiked to assist income as different areas of revenue together with GST and revenue tax collapsed.

However, it has now been greater than a 12 months that excise duties haven’t been slashed, leaving home customers uncovered to larger prices following a restoration in worldwide crude oil prices.

A Reuters report had earlier indicated how India’s low revenue earners — engaged in micro supply companies and different actions dependent on fuel — are struggling as a result of exorbitant petrol and diesel prices. It is equally hurting India’s poor households, who’re paying extra money for different commodities and companies which are not directly dependent on fuel prices.

Experts imagine that the upper fuel prices and the cascading effect it has on other commodities will result in a fall in total demand, given the weak shopper sentiment in the meanwhile.

Even the burgeoning center class, thought of the engine that’s driving India’s development, is dealing with the warmth as a result of rising petrol and diesel prices.

A 48-year-old former govt at an advert company in New Delhi instructed Bloomberg News that he had upgraded to a brand new automobile only a month earlier than the nation went right into a nationwide lockdown final 12 months.

He is now contemplating promoting his car. “Driving the automobile is now a luxurious for me,” said the man, who had lost his job after the first wave. He now trades in stock and his income is hardly a fifth of what he used to earn at his previous job.

“Earlier, I would tank up whenever I needed to refill, and it would cost me 3,000 rupees ($40). Last time, refilling less than half the car’s tank cost me more than $25. I now drive only when it’s absolutely necessary,” he told the publication.


Experts believe that economic recovery will become tricky if the government continues to ignore rising fuel prices. If the commodity becomes too expensive, it would see a sharp decline in revenue.

To avoid such a scenario, the government should cut excise duty to some extent as it will provide some relief to customers and lead to higher sales and revenues.

Explained: Why India needs to lower taxes on petrol, diesel

Senthil Kumaran, head of South Asia oil at FGE, told Bloomberg News that higher prices will have an impact of fuel demand.”

“But, at this point, the price effect will be less significant as the country is still coming out of the second-wave lockdowns. Pent-up demand will outshine high retail prices, so, it won’t pause the demand recovery. But if high prices continue through July, then it will impact more.”

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