What is Operation Prahar, the battle behind Chhattisgarh Naxal ambush?

Operation Prahar is a codename utilized by the police of varied states for focused motion towards criminals, outlawed components and even for unlawful liquor gross sales. But in Chhattisgarh, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra, Operation Prahar will get a special which means — the battle towards the Naxal insurgents.

Naxal is a time period that is loosely used to discuss with the members of the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist). The CPI-Maoist is a banned extremist organisation in India — below LWE (Left Wing Extremism) classification.

The time period, Naxal, has its origin in the Naxalbari village in West Bengal, the place this anti-government insurgency took root in the Nineteen Sixties and unfold to pretty giant components of East India. The governments at the Centre and in the affected states have discovered it difficult to root out Naxalism from the nation.

Operation Prahar is a part of the authorities technique to cope with the armed problem posed by the Naxal insurgents. It was launched in 2017.

It was throughout a combing operation by the safety forces below Operation Prahar that they had been ambushed by the Naxal insurgents on Saturday. Twenty-two jawans lost their lives. More than 30 had been injured. One jawan went lacking.


PLGA — The Naxal Army

The CPI-Maoist organised their band of armed fighters, referred to as People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA), which is additionally the armed wing of the organisation, in 2001 to enter into fight with the safety forces. The PLGA has launched many lethal assaults on the safety forces in Chhattisgarh and different Naxal-affected states since then.

Read | Anti-Naxal operation in Chhattisgarh was poorly designed, says Congress leader Rahul Gandhi

In December 2020, the PLGA introduced a year-long motion to mark their twentieth yr of formation — December 1, 2020, to December 1, 2021. The PLGA’s announcement aimed to “regain their footing and armed strength” in the areas the place they’ve misplaced their stronghold. The determination was taken by the Central Military Commission (CMC) of the CPI-Maoist.


In December 2020, the CMC mentioned its PLGA cadres had killed round 3,000 jawans of the central and state forces, 222 politicians, over 1,100 police informers. It admitted to shedding round 4,500 of its cadres since 2001.

Earlier in 2020, the PLGA additionally claimed that it halted assaults on the safety forces as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic. It complained that the authorities, nonetheless, continued its operation towards the Naxals unilaterally.


Since the formation of the PLGA, the counter-Naxal operation may very well be divided into three phases. The first section was of the Salwa Judum motion.

Salwa Judum ran from 2004 to 2009 when a power of volunteers was skilled by the safety forces for the defence of villages in Naxal-affected areas and to supply a substitute for the youths who had been being compelled by the CPI-Maoist cadres to affix them.


Operation Green Hunt focused the Naxal insurgents of their hiding locations inside the forests. The Operation dealt a extreme blow to the Naxal insurgency and virtually cleansed Andhra Pradesh of CPI-Maoist footprints.

Operation Green Hunt was changed by a scheme referred to as SAMADHAN. It is an acronym the place S stands for Smart Leadership, A for Aggressive Strategy, M for Motivation and Training, A for Actionable Intelligence, D for Dashboard-based Key Result Areas and Key Performance Indicators, H for Harnessing Technology, A for Action Plan for Each Theatre and N for No entry to Financing.

SAMADHAN was launched in 2017 by the Union dwelling ministry. Along with this got here the phases of Operation Prahar. It was now for the first time that the safety forces entered the core areas of Naxal insurgents deep inside the forests in the affected states, notably Chhattisgarh.


The harm was a lot that the CPI-Maoist demanded that the authorities ought to halt Operation Prahar and withdraw the safety forces as the Naxal insurgents had stopped their assaults.

The operation crippled the Naxal insurgency to a big extent. But throughout the Covid-19 impacted 2020, notably in the latter half of the yr, the CPI-Maoist organised itself by recruiting youths. Several folks had misplaced their livelihood as a result of the lockdown imposed to mitigate the unfold of the Covid-19 pandemic final yr.

And, now as the CPI-Maoist observes the twentieth yr of the formation of the PLGA, it carried out a lethal ambush on the joint forces of DRG (District Reserve Guard), STF (Special Task Force), CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force), and CRPF’s particular CoBRA unit in Bijapur.

Watch | Bijapur Naxal attack: Intelligence on Hidma a trap for security forces?

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