Who are the Taliban and what are they planning?

The Taliban have seized management of Afghanistan two weeks earlier than the United States was attributable to fully withdraw its troops after a 20-year army presence in the war-torn nation.

Chaotic scenes erupted after Taliban insurgents retook the capital, Kabul, on Sunday with hundreds of panicked Afghans dashing to flee the nation, together with some who have been determined sufficient to cling to US military aircraft as the planes taxied down the runway.

US officers have already claimed they miscalculated the velocity with which the Taliban have been in a position to storm across the country and seize all main cities in only a matter of days.

Afghan safety forces, who have been educated and outfitted by the US over the final twenty years, put up little combat in opposition to the militants.

It has prompted questions on how insurgents have been in a position to regain management of the nation so rapidly after twenty years and what precisely the Taliban need.

Who are the Taliban and what do they consider?

The Taliban are a hardline Islamic militant group that ran Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001.

They are presently led by Mawlawi Haibatullah Akhundzada.

When the Taliban first fashioned in 1994, the rebel group was made up of “mujahideen” — Afghan resistance fighters who fought the Soviets when they invaded in the late Eighties.

Taliban fighters ride on a vehicle.
The Taliban are a hardline Islamic militant group that ran Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001.
Sputnik through AP

The Taliban gained management of the authorities in 1996 when they captured Kabul.

They rapidly imposed Sharia — Islamic legislation — which meant corporal punishment and public executions have been carried out, ladies have been banned from working outdoors the dwelling and ladies couldn’t attend faculty.

Women additionally needed to cowl their faces in public and needed to be accompanied by a male family member each time they left their properties.  

The Taliban have been accused of brutally implementing the Islamic legislation by slicing off the arms of thieves and stoning adulterers.

The insurgents have been ousted from energy when the US invaded Afghanistan in 2001 following the Sept. 11 assaults that have been orchestrated by al Qaeda’s Osama bin Laden.

The US wished to forestall al Qaeda from utilizing Afghanistan as a base for its terrorism.

The Taliban, nonetheless, by no means left Afghanistan and have been combating the Western authorities ever since.

How did the Taliban regain energy and why are they taking up now?

As the United States shifted its focus to Iraq, the Taliban began to regroup and slowly, over the final twenty years, started taking up components of the Afghan countryside.

Following years of negotiations, the Taliban and the Trump administration signed a peace deal final 12 months.

Under the deal, President Donald Trump agreed to begin withdrawing troops and launch about 5,000 Taliban prisoners. In trade, the Taliban vowed to forestall teams from utilizing Afghanistan to threaten the US.

Taliban fighters stand guard.
The Taliban began quickly capturing quite a few main cities as US troops withdrew from Afghanistan.
AFP through Getty Images

When President Biden was elected, he introduced that the final troops would depart by the finish of August.

As that deadline inched nearer, the Taliban began quickly taking up quite a few main cities.

After the US spent billions of {dollars} coaching and equipping Afghan safety forces, questions are mounting as to why they put up such a poor combat in opposition to the Taliban.

The Western-backed authorities was rife with corruption.  

Entire models of the Afghan safety forces surrendered after transient battles, and Kabul and different close by provinces fell with out a combat.

President Ashraf Ghani hunkered down and made few public statements as the Taliban swept throughout the nation in the final week.

He fled on Sunday as the Taliban reached Kabul, however it’s not clear the place he went.

What do they need and what will occur subsequent?

The Taliban wish to take again what they misplaced in the 2000s when the US invaded.

They have already stated they wish to rename the nation the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, which is what they referred to as it final time they dominated.

They wish to restore Islamic legislation in society, however it’s unclear if life will return to what it was below prior Taliban rule.

Taliban members are seen near Hamid Karzai International Airport.
The Taliban wish to restore Islamic legislation in Afghanistan and rename the nation the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.
Anadolu Agency through Getty Images

The Taliban have claimed they are now not against ladies attending faculty however have stated they will finish mixed-gender schooling. However, stories point out ladies as younger as 12 are already being forced into sex slavery.

Many women fear Taliban rule will imply a extreme rollback of the rights they’ve been combating for for 20 years. Reports have already emerged of girls being compelled out of their jobs and ordered to return to their properties.

Despite the Taliban saying they wish to present a safe atmosphere, many Afghans worry their rule shall be violent and oppressive.  

The Taliban say they wish to type an “inclusive, Islamic government” with different factions and have been holding negotiations with senior politicians.  

How are the Taliban funded and who runs the group?

It principally will get its cash via opium and medicine trades. Insurgents are additionally usually concerned in kidnapping plots for ransom.

In the areas the place the Taliban already had management, they usually raised cash by taxing farms and different companies.

They additionally acquired funding from supporters.

Taliban gunman.
The Taliban are funded via opium and medicine trades, taxing farms and companies in Taliban-controlled areas, and monetary contributions from supporters.
Anadolu Agency through Getty Images

Mawlawi Haibatullah Akhundzada was appointed the Taliban’s supreme chief in 2016 when a drone strike killed his predecessor.

He is extensively believed to be the rebel group’s non secular chief slightly than a army commander.

Taliban co-founder Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar can be believed to be a key participant.

He is the head of the political workplace that was a part of the crew negotiating the withdrawal of US troops.

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