Why Marilyn Monroe, JFK wanted in at NYC’s Le Pavillon

One afternoon in 1960, the Kennedy clan gathered at Le Pavillon on Park Avenue and 57th Street to debate John’s presidential bid. Per ordinary, the household sat at Le Royale, as the most effective desk at the esteemed French restaurant was identified, however they had been quickly disturbed by a photographer who had snuck into the institution. Joseph known as over the supervisor and requested that the shutterbug be eliminated. The request made the restaurant’s hotheaded, 5-foot-5-inch tall proprietor Henri Soulé livid. 

“You’ll do no such thing. At Le Pavillon, only Soulé decides who is or isn’t accepted in the dining room,” cried the restaurateur, who usually referred to himself in the third particular person. “The campaign has not even begun, but some people already think they are running the country.” The Kennedys stop eating at the restaurant and as an alternative started frequenting close by La Caravelle, the place many former Pavillon staff labored. 

Interior view of the Le Pavillon restaurant
Regulars knew their social standing in keeping with the place they had been sat inside Le Pavillon restaurant.
The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images

Before there was La Grenouillethe Four Seasons or Frenchette, there was Le Pavillon. Opened in 1941, the Midtown restaurant introduced a brand new stage of French meals and class to New York City — and have become the blueprint for see-and-be-seen scorching spots to comply with. The Kennedys, the Astors, the Vanderbilts, the Windsors, Marilyn Monroe and Joe DiMaggio all frequented its elegant eating room, whereas plenty of would-be notable cooks, together with a younger Jacques Pépin, frolicked in the kitchen.  

“Unquestionably, Henri Soulé trained an entire generation of French chefs and New York restaurant owners,” Paul Freedman wrote in “Ten Restaurants That Changed America.”  

Famed Chef Daniel Boulud will soon be opening his new restaurant, Le Pavillion, inside NYC's brand new skyscraper at One Vanderbilt.
Famed chef Daniel Boulud will quickly be opening his new restaurant, Le Pavillion, inside NYC’s brand-new skyscraper at One Vanderbilt.
Matthew McDermott

Daniel Boulud didn’t go by the storied restaurant’s kitchen, however he’s persevering with its legacy. On Wednesday, he’ll open his own Le Pavillon at the bottom of the mega improvement One Vanderbilt.

Despite its identify, the brand new model is extra Modern American than French, and it doesn’t attempt to deliver again stuffy outdated service rituals or costume codes. Still, Boulud isn’t discounting its storied lineage.

Chef Jacques Pepin
Jacques Pepin frolicked in Le Pavillion’s kitchen as a younger chef.
Getty Images

“I like the fact that it was a long time ago, and yet it wasn’t so long ago that I couldn’t be connected to people and stories from that era,” Boulud has said.  

A couple of weeks in the past, Boulud invited 85-year-old Pépin to talk to his staff. Pépin labored at Le Pavillon for eight months in 1959 and 1960, and he talked concerning the distinctive formal service type, with dishes introduced on silver platters and carved tableside. He additionally gifted Boulud a set of silverware from the restaurant.  

“The dining room was much more important than the dining room is today,” Pépin informed The Post. Nearly each dish — from a roast hen served with a Champagne cream sauce to striped bass braised with white wine, shallots and mushrooms — was carved and plated tableside by Soulé himself, who reigned in a navy go well with and grey tie at lunch and a tuxedo at dinner.  


In 1939, Soulé introduced 60 kitchen staffers and 38 maîtres d’hôtel, captains, wine stewards and waiters — amongst them a younger Charles Masson who would go on to open La Grenouille in 1962 — over from France to work in the nation’s pavilion at the World’s Fair. “They were quartered below decks in third class,” recalled James H. Heineman, a writer who occurred to be on the boat with Soulé’s crew. It was a “terrible journey.” 

On May 9, the restaurant opened at the honest, with a meal for 375 and dishes corresponding to capon in tarragon aspic and hen consommé with cheese sticks. Diners had been wowed by each the meals and the service. “It wasn’t as if New York did not already have French restaurants,” wrote Freedman, however “the advent of Prohibition had meant the death of an older generation of luxury establishments of the more-or-less French sort.” 

Restaurateur Henri Soule putting final touches on a plate inside Le Pavillon.
Restaurateur Henri Soule placing ultimate touches on a plate inside Le Pavillon.
The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images

After the beginning of the warfare, Soulé and his chef, Pierre Franey, remained in the US as refugees. In October 1941, they opened Le Pavillon at East fifty fifth Street, and it was a right away success. “I remember suddenly feeling for the first time an unquestionably great restaurant had opened in America,” socialite Elaine Whitelaw said at the time

The meals was as luxurious and French as might be discovered in America at the time, though some widespread Gallic substances, corresponding to wild mushrooms and sure Mediterranean fish, couldn’t be had. The cellar was crammed with an enviable stock of wines from Bordeaux. Flowers, which Soulé spent roughly $20,000 per yr on, had been fastidiously organized all through the eating room. Diners had been sat by standing and appears; these in the possession of 1 or the opposite would get a distinguished desk, those that had been missing had been banished to a eating “Siberia.”  

“The highest ingredient was the clientele,” the youthful Charles Masson, 66, who fondly remembers his father’s tales concerning the place, informed The Post. “It sounds elitist, but if you throw a party and people don’t show up, it’s not a party.” 

"Le Pavillon Menu"
“Le Pavillon Menu”
The New York Public Library Digital Collections

Soulé was such a stickler about seating individuals in keeping with his whims, he refused his landlord, Henry Cohn, an excellent desk — even after Cohn threatened to lift his lease. Instead, in 1957, he relocated Le Pavillon to a brand new location, the Ritz Tower on 57th Street, at an estimated value of $400,000. Cohn died the next yr, and Soulé later rented the outdated house from Columbia Pictures and opened a extra informal restaurant there known as La Côte Basque.  “A man may take his wife to the Côte Basque and the other lady to Pavillon,” Soulé quipped.  

Ferdinand Metz, who labored in the kitchen for 3 years in the early ’60s, recalled an obsession with high quality and particulars. “Creamed spinach, most people would think it was an ordinary thing, but not at Le Pavillon,” Metz, 79, who later served because the president of the Culinary Institute of America, informed The Post. It was made recent for every order — the one advance preparation was that the vegetable is perhaps prewashed. There had been no recipes, though cooks would possibly seek advice from Auguste Escoffier’s “Le Guide Culinaire.” 

Although he was exacting, Metz recalled Soulé fairly fondly. “He understood what an elegant dining room should be all about,” he informed The Post. “If a gentleman came in with his mistress, he would gently usher him to a table not in view of where his wife was having lunch with her friends.” 


Soulé’s distinctive expertise for hospitality was additionally on show in what turned referred to as “the Pheasant Incident.” A celebration of six had ordered an elaborate dinner in advance that was to characteristic caviar, a consommé, roasted pheasants and a few particular wines. The birds had been introduced out on a silver platter and proven to the diners and positioned on a small desk, which a careless busboy then knocked over.

As everybody scrambled to scoop up the meals, Soulé turned to the captain and cried, “Quick, tell the kitchen to send out the other pheasants.” He, in fact, knew full properly that there have been no different pheasants that might be rapidly ready. Back in the kitchen, staffers reassembled and re-garnished the meal and introduced it again out to the shoppers, who had been none the wiser and would say it was the most effective fowl they’d ever eaten. 

Restaurateur Henri Soule tidying up the tables at Le Pavillon.
Henri Soule, a demanding perfectionist, tidying up the tables at Le Pavillon.
The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images

The cocktails had been additionally, in fact, notable. Bartender Andre Gros-Daillon, who labored at the restaurant for 26 years earlier than retiring in 1967, claimed to be the one one in town (and possibly your entire US) who might make a martini that remained completely  icy chilly for 20 minutes. “It’s all in the shake,” he informed the New York Times.  

Pépin remembers Soulé much less fondly, as an “autocratic” man who wasn’t particularly beneficiant. In his memoir, “The Apprentice: My Life in the Kitchen,” Pépin wrote that Soulé handled head chef Franey with “no more respect than he accorded to the mostly recently hired pot scrubber.”

And, whereas Soulé was fast to comp high-profile visitors caviar or Dom Pérignon, he was stingy when it got here to paying cooks. Franey left in 1960, and Pépin supposed to arrange the cooks to comply with him. But two massive Italian males from the union confirmed up and pinned him towards a wall. “I couldn’t understand what they were saying in English, but I understood the meaning of it,” recalled Pépin. Such ways averted a walkout, however Soulé was nonetheless brief on cooks and needed to shut for a pair weeks because of the labor points.  

Soule and Chief Chef Clement Grangier inspect live lobsters in the restaurant's kitchen in 1962.
Soule (left) and Chief Chef Clement Grangier examine reside lobsters in the restaurant’s kitchen in 1962.
The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images

Soulé died of a sudden coronary heart assault at age 62 in 1966, and it quickly turned obvious why he was so solicitous when it got here to his clientele’s extramarital affairs. For years, he had a dalliance with the lady who ran the coatroom, Henriette Spalter. When he died, it got here to mild that he additionally had a spouse in France. She claimed her inheritance and bought Le Pavillon to some traders, however it was by no means the identical with out Soulé. There was music and typically a TV in the eating room, and, “worst of all,” Freedman wrote in his e book, “the lemon quarters served with the salmon had not had their seeds removed.”  

In 1971, Le Pavillon closed with out fanfare. Nine years later, a younger Daniel Boulud first arrived in New York City.  

Masson, who recalled his late father and Soulé hugging and crying when La Grenouille opened, and who has his personal restaurant in Majorelle, applauded Boulud for opening a Pavillon of his personal.   

“It takes a lot of courage to open a restaurant,” he mentioned, “and ever more so to try and follow in the footsteps of a giant.” 

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